Infection Q & A

Unfortunately, human beings are always at risk of infection. Viruses, bacteria, and even parasites are microorganisms determined to invade the body. Infections may be localized or widespread and have no symptoms, or they may be very severe. Fortunately for you, the doctors at Annandale Primary Care in Annandale, Virginia, treat all sorts of infections. Call or make an appointment online today.

What are some common respiratory infections?

Respiratory infections are classified as either upper or lower. Upper respiratory infections include colds and sinus infections. Colds are by far the most common cause of all upper respiratory infections, and are usually caused by rhinoviruses’. Sinusitis is acute inflammation of the sinuses, an infection that starts elsewhere and travels to the sinuses.

Lower respiratory infections include bronchitis and pneumonia and can be caused by viruses or bacteria. Viruses usually cause bronchitis, but pneumonia can be either bacterial or viral. In most cases, a bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae is to blame.

What are some common intestinal infections?

The intestinal tract is susceptible to infections from viruses, bacteria, or even parasites. Intake of contaminated food and water is a common cause. Salmonella and E. coli bacteria are common culprits.

Diverticulitis is a very common—and very painful—condition. Small folds in the intestine (diverticula) become inflamed and trap bacteria. Over time, an infection develops. Doctors aren’t sure what causes diverticulitis, but a low fiber diet may be a contributor.

Colitis is an intestinal infection characterized by inflammation of the colon’s lining. Symptoms include fever, chills, dehydration, and fatigue.

What are some common skin infections?

Unfortunately, skin is a great host for all kinds of infection-causing bacteria because it’s the most-exposed body part to the elements. If you have any cuts, a weak immune system, or poor hygiene, you’re at greater risk of a skin infection.

Staphylococcus, or Staph, bacteria are responsible for numerous skin infections, such as cellulitis and impetigo. Common symptoms include:

Most Staph skin infections are treated with antibiotics or by draining the infection.

What other infections should I be concerned about?

A common infection to watch out for symptoms of is a urinary tract infection (UTI).

Urinary tract infections affect the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. A UTI can appear in the upper or lower urinary tract. They are usually caused by the bacteria E. coli, which normally lives in the colon and around the anus. When E.coli enters the urinary tract, a UTI can develop.

Symptoms of a UTI may include:

Symptoms of a UTI can resemble those of a sexually transmitted disease. Always visit Annandale Primary Care for treatment if you show signs of a UTI.

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Undiagnosed patients can unknowingly transmit the disease to others. Early diagnosis can help to prevent or stop an outbreak.